The success around parking and overall base mobility can be focused into three integrated characteristics: Access, Network, and Experience. In initial installation construction and in future programs, improvements in parking planning, design, and development are considered as they apply to these three characteristics. By doing so, a more comprehensive strategy will guide the connections within the installation and a more walkable base can be achieved.
The base’s intent for parking areas is to provide access to the surrounding facilities for the predominant mode of travel at the base, which is by personal vehicle. Critical to Tyndall AFB becoming the Installation of the Future, however, is what resources are accessible from the lot once the vehicle is parked. Is the lot discreet to an individual facility with inconvenient or no connections to the wider mobility framework? If so, any trips to other base destinations will require the continued use of a vehicle and will perpetuate increased circulating vehicle traffic within the installation.
The preferred access will include locating parking areas in proximity to multiple buildings and developing connections to not only the immediate facilities but also the proposed bicycle and pedestrian network on base.
Connect to the Network
Strategically locating parking areas with optimized access in mind not only provides more opportunity for shared, or coordinated, parking assets but also improves mobility throughout the base and offers alternatives for internal trips. Parking areas must be viewed as part of the network and have direct connections to network links around the lot even when not tied directly to the immediate facility.
Provide a Choice Experience
Integrated network and base design must provide a user experience that is viewed as beneficiary; a feeling where given the choice, one would choose to walk 5-10 minutes over using a vehicle to travel a quarter-mile away. The majority of daily base functions operate within an accessible area in the Flightline and Support Districts, so making the connections between destinations an attractive alternative has a significant impact on what choice is made.
Critical components in providing a positive experience within the parking areas and the proposed mobility framework, along with their relevant sections in this document for further detail, include shaded walkways (C06, Landscape), available seating (C07, Site Furnishings), informative signage (C08, Pedestrian Signage) and security lighting (C09, Lighting).
Coordinated Parking Methodology
The coordinated parking methodology for Tyndall AFB has been adapted by the widely accepted standards described in the Urban Land Institute publication Shared Parking (Third Edition). This methodology, shown in Exhibit B03-5, compares the parking demand by time of day and type of use, which shows how the same parking spaces associated with a daytime use (for work or school) also can be used by an evening or overnight use (residential).
The coordinated parking concept is also supported by the Institute of Transportation Engineers (ITE) and communities around the world.
The Tyndall AFB coordinated parking analysis used parking ratios from the
UFC 3-201-01 related to each of the new facilities on the base.
To develop coordinated parking recommendations for Tyndall AFB, each district or subarea requires specific analysis to determine the appropriate strategies that will meet the distinct goals of each district and the overall base.
A coordinated parking boundary is defined for the MILCON area, shown on Exhibit B03-6, and is identified as a candidate for a coordinated parking strategy:
- Facilities with compatible uses (such as dormitories and retail) that can share parking assets because of the differences in their hourly demand distribution
- Good connectivity between buildings and parking lots
- Proximity (5-10-minute walk) between parking and buildings
The following information describes the coordinated parking area in the MILCON area, summarizes the analyses performed for each coordinated parking area, and presents an example for implementing a shared parking strategy at Tyndall AFB.
Coordinated Parking Areas and Parking Savings
Analysis results displayed below show considerable potential space and cost savings that can be realized through a coordinated design. Each coordinated parking area (labeled A through I) shows the savings in either reduction of new parking to be built or existing spaces that can be returned to their natural state. These results are broken down in the summary tables in Section B03.4.
Primary opportunities involve the base’s core functions in both the Flightline and Support Districts due to the increased density and diversity of land uses that are more conducive for a coordinated parking strategy.
The coordinated parking area boundaries were determined by logical breaks in development and surrounding land uses. Further coordination could result in shared parking potential across these analytical boundary lines.
For example, although there are significant opportunities to reduce parking in Coordinated Parking Areas E and F, further synergies can be realized between the two as well. This is particularly critical regarding the viability of the comprehensive mobility framework and pedestrian, bicycle, and a proposed shuttle service transecting these areas along the Multi-Modal Spine.