Tyndall AFB is in a unique position to align best management practices in the INRMP and apply them across USAF building sites, corridors, and open space. These best practices mirror the implementation goals in the design and maintenance of performance landscapes, which rely on natural assemblages of native plants that must be applied within built environments.
Native plant communities are assemblages of plant species whose composition are typical of indigenous plant communities in an Ecoregion. A plant palette has been developed in close coordination with Tyndall Natural Resources personnel to align with mission and safety specific requirements which are adapted to Tyndall AFB Florida Natural Area Inventory (FNAI) Plant Communities assemblages.
The 13 major natural resources identified by FNAI are categorized into Dry Forest, Wet Forest, Wetlands, and Coastal. This will guide all future development at Tyndall AFB when identifying native plant assemblages to align with the INRMP. The full Tyndall AFB Master Plant List palettes draw from the following ecosystem categories are appropriate for use on the base.
Corridors and open space with soils and hydrology conditions allowing infiltration of overland water flows within 72 hours or less. Roadway corridors and parking areas must balance elements of aesthetics, safety, site disturbances, and ecology that use common plant species within regularly maintained areas of the base. These areas are considered the Urban Forest. Areas of the Urban Forest that have an herbaceous ground plane but do not include tree canopy are Groundcover Dominant.
Dry forests use native plant assemblages found in FNAI Plant Communities, such as Sandhill-Longleaf Pine Forest, Mixed Hardwood-Coniferous, Upland Hardwood Forest, and Scrubby Flatwoods.
Wet forests are open space with soils and hydrology that exhibit standing water within the subsurface or at the surface with a maximum depth of 2 feet, and do not infiltrate overland water flows within 72 hours. Wet forests are also found in open space with high groundwater conditions.
These areas maximize base-scale amenity strategies in stormwater design by incorporating a balance of moisture tolerant trees, shrubs, and groundcover species.
Open space with soils and hydrology influenced by high groundwater depths and/or standing water within the subsurface or at the surface greater than
2 feet deep, and do not infiltrate overland water flows within 72 hours.
Wetland areas incorporated within Maintained zones must include base-scale amenity strategies within open areas for managing stormwater with vegetated littoral zones where water depths or other conditions limits tree canopy installations to water edges
Wetlands use native plant assemblages found FNAI Plant Communities such as Mixed Scrub-Shrub Wetland, Depression Marsh, and Natural Lakes and Ponds.
Coastal areas are open space within the Managed Zone that comprise tidally influenced lands near the Gulf of Mexico and the East Bay.
These areas contain native plant assemblages conducive only to the coastal environment at Tyndall AFB and contain FNAI Plant Communities such as Salt Marsh, Sand Dunes, Coastal Dune Lakes, and Tidal Flats.